By Lanre Omotoso
Nigerians should avoid activities that degrade the soil as this could impact the environment and economy negatively.
A lecturer in the Department of Soil Resources and Environmental Management, Ekiti State University, Professor Olusegun Aruleba gave the warning in Ado-Ekiti to commemorate this year’s World Soil Day.
Professor Aruleba identified factors that deprived sustainable management of soil resources including bush burning, animal overgrazing, and the use of bulldozers to scrape the uppermost layer of the soil.
Speaking on this year’s theme “Soil and Water, a Source of Life”, Professor Aruleba emphasized the need for sustainable soil management practices, such as minimum tillage, crop rotation, organic matter addition and cover cropping, describing them as ways to preserve soil biodiversity as well as improving fertility.
The soil scientist stressed that improper soil management would not allow crops to yield bountifully, which may trigger famine and hunger.
While recognizing the role of soil and water as foundation for food production, ecosystems and human well-being, the University lecturer called for proactive measures to safeguard them for future generations.
The 68th United Nations General Assembly in 2013, designated December 5 as the World Soil Day to create awareness that improper soil management practices affect soil fertility as well as water quality and quantity.